Practical ecological knowledge for the temperate reader.

Torilis japonica - Upright hedge-parsley

Family: Apiacea (Umbelliferae) Carrot [E-flora]

"Torilis japonica is a ANNUAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). It is in flower from Jul to August, and the seeds ripen from Aug to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects, self. The plant is self-fertile.
Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It prefers dry or moist soil." [PFAF]

"General: Annual herb from a taproot; stems erect, several, bristly, 0.3-1.2 m tall." [IFBC-E-flora]

"Leaves: Stem leaves 1-3 times pinnately cut, dissected into small, narrow ultimate segments without well-defined leaflets, upper leaf sheaths entire." [IFBC-E-flora]

"Habitat / Range Mesic disturbed sites or open forests in the lowland and montane zones; rare, known only from the Gulf Islands and Agassiz; introduced from Japan." [IFBC-E-flora]

Status: Exotic [E-flora]

Edible Uses

Medicinal Uses



TORILIS - Hedge-parsley

"Annual, taprooted, hairy or bristly. Stem: spreading or erect, branched. Leaf: blade lanceolate to triangular, 1-pinnately dissected. Inflorescence: umbels compound, terminal or opposite leaves, peduncled or sessile; bracts generally 0 or small; bractlets several, thread-like to linear; rays 0–few, spreading-ascending; pedicels 0 or short. Flower: generally +/- bilateral; calyx lobes 0 or evident; petals obcordate, white or +/- red, tips narrowed, outer petals +/- > others; styles short. Fruit: oblong to ovate, +/- compressed side-to-side; 1o ribs thread-like, prickly, 2o ribs densely prickly or tubercled; oil tubes 1 per rib interval; fruit axis divided in distal 1/2. Seed: face grooved.
10–15 species: Eurasia. (Name used by Adanson in 1763, meaning obscure)" [Jepson]

Local Species

  1. Torilis arvensis - Spreading hedge-parsley [E-flora]
  2. Torilis japonica - upright hedge-parsley [E-flora]

Taxanomic Key


Torilis arvensis - Spreading hedge-parsley

"General: Annual herb from a taproot; stems erect, several, more or less hairy, branched, 20-50 cm tall." [IFBC-E-flora]

"Leaves: Stem leaves 2-3 times pinnately cut, 7-20 cm long, including the 2-8 cm stalks; leaflets lanceolate to egg-shaped; upper stem leaves usually 1-pinnate." [IFBC-E-flora]

"Habitat / Range Mesic to dry roadsides and waste places in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC, known only from the lower Fraser Valley; introduced from Eurasia." [IFBC-E-flora]

Status: Exotic [E-flora]


Page last modified on Tuesday, March 23, 2021 1:51 AM